At first, the technology exclusively defined and interpreted prejudice in connection with the creation of material goods. The technology is to use nature for the purpose of man’s material gains. Nature poses challenges and constraints affecting the material situation of the people and the removal of these restrictions is what the technology does. Today in the literature prevailing broader approach to the interpretation and definition of the concept of technology, taking into account its presence in all forms of human activity in material production and out of material production, as well as effect and impact of technology in all areas of human life and activity.
Based on the previous statement, we can conclude that there are complex relationships within the system of nature – man – society – technology, where technology can be put in the center of these relationships closely attached and the relationship between nature, man and society through technology links into a rounded and closed system. This approach technology aims to emphasize the importance of technology in relation to human nature and society, because through technology man acting on nature and society and thus meets their needs. A man acting on nature and society develops technology depending on their needs and goals of the company. Therefore, the technology is not some supernatural and uncontrolled force above man, but a man with their active approach to nature and society develops technology subordinate to his needs. This mutual respect is the primary one, because he is the one who initiates scientific research, carried out by, creating new technologies, applied and used the results of this application. The man is the subject – driver of development, carrier, and perpetrator, and in the end, he is also a beneficial fruit of development.
The importance of technology for the development of society famous sociologist, Daniel Bell (Daniel Bell), in 1965, starting with the technology, shared the history of civilization in his famous work “The arrival of the post-industrial society” in three stages: 1. The pre-industrial society; 2. Industrial Society; 3. Postindustrial society. The famous futurologist, Alvin Toffler (Alvin Toffler), in 1980 in his major work “third wave” points out that throughout the history of the human society caught three waves of civilization: 1. Agricultural Revolution (10,000 years ago); 2. Industrial Revolution (300 years ago); 3. Scientific-Technological Revolution (50 years ago).
The human race has so far undergone two major waves of change, and each of them was wiped out by the previous culture or civilization and instead adopted the ways of life unimaginable to earlier inhabitants. The first wave of change – the agricultural revolution – were needed thousands of years to exhaust. The second wave – the rise of industrial civilization – it took only three hundred years. Today, history is accelerated, so that the third wave is likely to rush through history and put an end to several decades. Therefore we, that we are in this explosive moment plagued the planet, even for life to feel the full force of impact of the third wave. “Scientists agree that the first human being (human) on earth, homo sapiens emerged 250,000 years ago. People lived in small groups (hordes), mainly in natural shelters-caves. During that long period, people lived by hunting, fishing, and gathering of natural fruits. When he ran out of the game, Horde migrated in search of animals, but usually within the same geographic area. Human beings in the Palaeolithic (Old Stone Age) were more or less hungry, depending on the luck in the hunt and the directions of movement of wildlife.
So, people are satisfying their needs from nature (the meat of the hunted game, caught fish and fruits collected from nature), so that this form of the economy can be called hunter-gatherers. Regarding the use of weapons and a tool, the Paleolithic man was focused on natural resources, ie. Mainly on what they found in nature (wood and stone) with little processing. It is estimated that in the late Paleolithic populations of Homo sapiens on earth was between 10,000 and 20,000 residents. Studies show that the last ice age ended about 12,000 years ago. In the next two millennia, Earth warmed dramatically, which was the main reason for the explosive social and economic development of mankind. As a result, the population has increased to about 5,000,000. The fact that the Earth in the past 10,000 years (Holocene) climate was relatively stable, it is a condition that led to the development of agriculture, livestock, trade, the emergence of cities, the formation of the state, irrigation works, building pyramids, finding the letters, making the first legal code etc.
The Steam engine is more efficient and cheaper power (energy) for mines, factories, ships, trains, and led to a revolution in the industry, transport, trade. Until the Industrial Revolution, the whole economy of the agricultural economy. Thanks to the use of the steam engine, there was a drop in the price of production, sales price, increasing purchasing power and the rapid development of the market. The spirit of innovation that has been dormant for thousands of years suddenly woke up and began to spread rapidly, leading to hundreds of new inventions and discoveries have led to the creation of the factory. The first steam engines were soon found applications in mines and factories in the production process. The industrial revolution was first engulfed the British textile industry, which at that time accounted for over 60% of English exports and therefore require the most massive production. Then it spread to other industries. It was a spectacular coup of manufactories in machine production.