Development and Origin
We all know that the technology has become an important factor in business and life. Its rapid development was reflected in all aspects of life. It is fairly said that technology now directs the development of the whole society.
Despite its positive side, people still realize that we should not blindly hand over the impact of rapid advances in innovation without the right to direct that influence.
The scientists who know the impact of innovation came to the conclusion that survival on this planet needs intelligent decisions. They prevent lightly acceptance of any “new technology”, regardless of its devastating effects on people and the environment. This means that the present time requires us to be “Control technology” and not just its users.
There are two definitions for technologies that are commonly used:
- Technology is “the application of knowledge to solve human problems” and has a general nature and as such little use.
- Technology means a group of processes, methods, procedures and equipment used for the production of goods and services. This definition focuses on the technology of the process and not on its products.
Selection of the process that was previously considered in the broadest sense is one of the choices of innovation. In a narrow sense, there are many possible choices of innovation in the context of a specific process. Hence, decisions of the selection process and innovation are closely related and they bring together in practice.
Application of high technology provides a uniform level of quality as opposed to a system with a low-tech solution. Despite all of the above mentioned, it is important to point out the decisions on the selection of innovative work on business strategy by linking it with the processes, equipment, tools and procedures, which means that it works on all parts of the production and overall business.
Technology and Society
The choice of innovation cannot have a neutral role in relation to society and the workforce. Each innovation implies certain assumptions about human values, their performance and the quality of life during work etc. With regard to rapid technological developments and unexpected effects on people and the environment, some of these values are under the sign of questions. In order to alleviate the negative impact of the acceleration of technological development which quickly consumes our economic resources. Some sociologists and economists are pushing for the implementation of acceptable innovation. Wakefield and Stafford (1977) under the “Friendly technology” means a combination of high medium and low innovation that are in harmony with the environment and human needs of the society.
Factories of the future
Under these factories are considered highly automated modern factory where there are few people.
Although the essence of these factories not to be highly automated with a few people, but in different types of automation organized using computers.
In this factory computer used to create the product (CAD), control of the machine.
From the chapter on the choice of technology processes can be distinguished as follows:
- The definition of that technology is a set of processes, tools, methods, procedures and equipment used to produce goods & services is more comprehensive than those involving only procedures
- When choosing the technology in addition to the technical requirements must be followed and social requirements so that they are optimized
In order to perform the correct choice of technology, managers need to be familiar with the characteristics of individual technological solutions.